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Surface level: The archaeological site of Xico, Xico Station, Old Xico, San Miguel Xico, Xico hill... The name Xico comes from Nahuatl Xictli, which means ‘centre’ or ‘belly button’, and from the suffix co that signifies location. Therefore, Xico could be translated as ‘in the belly button’. Its glyph, its pictogram, represents the Xico hill, seen from above, from the sky, with an umbilical cord that emerges from its centre.
Layer A: Located in the south-east of Mexico City, on flatlands that used to be a lake, the municipality, officially referred to Valle de Chalco Solidaridad (Valley of Chalco Solidarity),
Anonymous, ‘La cerámica de Xico: El barro hecho arte’, Cuadernos de historia del Valle de Xico, no.5, date unknown. All translations are by the authors unless specified. ↑
G. Amaro, ‘La destrucción del patrimonio arqueológico de Xico’, Cuadernos de historia del Valle de Xico, no.19, date unknown. The term gringos is used in Mexico to refer to citizens from the United States. It is also used more broadly in Spanish-speaking and Portuguese-speaking countries to refer to foreigners. ↑
Anonymous, ‘Los murales del Museo Comunitario del Valle de Xico’, Cuadernos de historia del Valle de Xico, no.25, February 2013. ↑
G. Amaro, ‘Imágenes Zapatistas: La Revolución Mexicana en Xico’, Cronica Xicotecatl: Relatos de la gente del linaje de Xico, 28 March 2016. ↑
Enrique Peña Nieto is the current president of Mexico (2012–present). ↑
G. Amaro, ‘Imágenes Zapatistas: La Revolución Mexicana en Xico’, op. cit. ↑
G. Amaro, ‘La isla de Xico: Un volcán que se extingue’, Cuadernos de historia del Valle de Xico, no.17, date unknown. ↑