Afterall journal celebrates its tenth anniversary in
2009. In the late 1990s, Mark Lewis and myself, as researchers at
Central Saint Martins College of Art & Design in London,
developed the idea to produce a publication that would occupy a
double position in relation to artistic work, in some ways
reflecting the different engagements each of us had with it. The
journal was intended to offer a close reading of artworks, and at
the same time relate them to the wider context from which they are
born and upon which they act. Those ideas were brought to fruition
in early 1999 with the first issue of the journal (issue 0), which
featured the work Fiona Banner, Pavel Büchler, Jeremy Deller,
Pierre Huyghe and Superflex. From its inception, Afterall
was conceived as a critical organ that would, on the one hand,
cover the individual artists (or artists' collectives) in depth,
with multiple texts on different aspects of their work, and, on the
other, include articles looking at the conditions of art in the
world, especially its possible socio-political function and
capacity for commentary. We are today aware that, at the beginning,
the journal was a decidedly Western European publication - the
majority of the artists and articles reflected the conditions in
the old imperial centres at the end of the millennium. The addition
of CalArts as a co-publisher and Thomas Lawson as a co-editor in
2002 strengthened a North American focus that had been there to
some extent from the start, and in 2007 MuHKA in Antwerp joined the
editorial group, bringing Dieter Roelstraete into the editorial
team, adding a third issue per year, and restructuring the journal
while still remaining in sight of a engaged and critical view of
art and its position in the world.
This approach has allowed Afterall journal to stray into unexpected territories at times. The first issue included a fascinating and important essay by Gertrud Sandqvist, titled 'Art and Social Democracy', on the problematic legacy of Swedish social democracy and its controlling impulses in relation to art, architecture and design; ten years later, issue 20 features an imaginative and significant proposal about the future of the Israeli settlements in occupied Palestine by Sandi Hilal, Alessandro Petti and Eyal Weizman. Nevertheless, our central focus has remained the production of art by individual artists and how their ability to speak about (their) life through art can offer ways of thinking about the world in a different way. The privileging of this direct relationship to art remains crucial if art is to have more than a merely instrumental role in understanding how abstract concepts such as economy, democracy or society function, and what effects they have on people's lives.
Over the years, Afterall has adopted a steadily more critical tone, in a literal sense: we have not only covered issues and artists that we find important, but we have also touched upon subjects that feel in need of more thorough inspection, and have introduced a back section that looks at specific events, exhibitions and artworks that seemed relevant for our times. In the current issue, these include Julian Myers's discussion of Harald Szeemann's sprawling exhibition 'Der Hang zum Gesamtkunstwerk' (1983), a diagnosis of a failed European drive towards utopia figured in aesthetic terms; or Stacey Allan's analysis of Louise Lawler's Birdcalls (1972/81), a work that reminds us of the unresolved issues of gender equality that have been a battleground for art at least since the early 1970s. These are accompanied by three artists whose practices intersect with other modes of image-making: Goshka Macuga's research and 'curatorial' strategies, Enrico David's craft and design work, and Lothar Baumgarten's investigation on language. Perhaps more importantly, the lines of enquiry of this issue run both into the future - as in Hilal, Petti and Weizman's contribution - and into the past, in Omer Fast's investigation of the technical means of historical representation, Baumgarten's account of excluded histories and Dieter Roelstraete's discussion of the renewed importance of magic and religion in his opening essay.
It is interesting to write this introduction in late 2008, a moment in which the events in the world economy are still barely comprehensible, but suggest the possibility of a paradigm shift. The past ten years have seen almost unprecedented wealth being invested in art, especially the art of our own time. This has produced many opportunities, for good and ill, of which people have been able to take advantage in different ways. The early 2000s may represent in paradoxical fashion the swansong of certain forms of art's dependence on patronage and economic success, while also being the first stage in an ongoing process of global redistribution. The current turn of events is therefore likely to offer new challenges and ask for new responses. Certainly, Afterall will reflect these changes, but still maintaining that tension between close reading and broad analysis that has characterised the journal in the past. If new models are indeed called for, this is less in terms of detached theoretical work than in terms of, to use an old phrase, 'what, how and for whom?' - questions that may occupy us all much more in the years ahead.
- Charles Esche